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Today we will learn the rules for English Articles a, an and the.

Rule #1: i) Use a before consonant sound

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ii) Use an before vowel sounds

a cat, a
dog, a girl, a house, a tree

an apple, an
engineer, an ice-cream, an old man, an umbrella

File in the
gaps with a or an

______elephant

______Interesting
story

______Car

______University

______Teacher

______European
tour

______Opinion

______hour

______Spinach
omelate

______MA
English

Rule #2: Use a or an only with countable nouns.

Countable nouns: You can only use a or an with a single noun

______elephant

______Interesting
story

______Car

______University

______Teacher

______European
tour

______Opinion

______hour

______Spinach
omelate

______MA
English

 

Uncountable nouns: Use no article with uncountable nouns

Water,
sugar, coffee, milk, air, love, anger, knowledge, beauty, darkness

Identify the errors

A cell
phone

 

An easy
question

 

An orange
shirts

 

A pretty
woman

Correct

A happiness

Happiness

A water

Water

A table

Correct

An idea

 

A doctors

 

An advice

 

 

Rule #3: Use a or an to talk about a person or thing
unknown to your listener.

ii) Use the to talk about a person or thing known to your listener or you are
reffering it to 2nd time or more.

1.      My sister
has two computers: a PC and a laptop. The PC is quite old but the
laptop is brand new.

2.      I) I
planted__________tree in my garden last year. _________tree has now grown big.

ii) I planted four/some
trees in my garden last year. _________trees are now grwon big.

3.      Can you open
the window? (We know already the
window about which I am talking about if I am sitting in the room.)

4.      I need to
back home. I think I left the stove
on.

5.      The man in the
grey suit is my boss. (Which boss? The boss in the grey suit)

6.      Where is the money I lent you last night. (Which
money? Which I lent you last night)

 

Rule #4: Use a or an to talk about nonspecific things or
people.

 

1.      I) Do you
have a pencil. (Here we mean any
pencil)

ii) Do you have the
pencil that kathy gave you?

2.      I) I want to
buy an apartment.

ii) I want to buy the apartment
that we visited.

3.      I) If you’re
feeling sick, you should go and see a doctor.
(You are advising a friend to see any docoty and don’t mean any specific
doctor.)

ii)
What did the doctor say? (The
specific doctor the friend visited)

 

Rule #5: Use a or an to mention the category or type of a
person or thing.

 

In each
sentence, insert a or an where necessary.

1.      My car is a 2011 Ford Fusion.

2.      You can use
Your TV as a laptop monitor. (What
type of thing your TV can be used as)

3.      Jim’s daughter
is an intelligent girl. (What type
of girl)

4.      I’d like to
become a member of your library.
(Category: member of library)

5.      I’m a teacher. (Profession)

6.      He worked as
a cashier for two years.

Rule #6: i) Generalize with plurals or uncountable nouns with no article.

Identify all
the Plural
and uncountable nouns in
these sentences:

1.    
Teachers should be
friendly to students. (All teachers, All students)

2.    
Dolphins are very
intelligent. (All dolphins are intelligent)

3.    
I don’t enjoy watching horror movies.
(All horror movies)

4.    
Does Peblo like coffee? (We ask Pablo likes
coffee in general)

5.    
Exercise is good for
health. (This is a general
statement, fact, or truth)

6.    
Education is very
important in life.

7.    
 

. Note: This is the common
way to doing that but you can also do it like

 

ii) a/an or the with a singular
countable noun to mean every single one.

1.      A teacher should be
friendly to his or her students. (Every teacher)

2.      The dolphin is a very
intelligent animal. (Every Dolphin)

I cannot
say:

I don’t
enjoy watching horror movies.  a/the horror movie

Does Peblo
like coffee?  The coffee

Exercise us good for
health. The exercise/ the health

Education is very
important in life. The education         
the life

In the last four sentences, only a plural form is
possible.

Rule #7: Use no article
in these situations:

i)                  
Proper nouns – names of people, places

Steve, Lisa,
Syed, Priya

New York,
Japan, Australia, Mumbai

But some of
the names of places has the as a
part of it as:

The United
Stated, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, the West Indies, the Himalayas,
the Middle East.

ii)                
Names of games, languages.

Chess,
badminton, golf, cricket, tennis                   French, Spanish, Tamil,
Mandarin, Hindi, Arabic.

iii)              
Fixed expressions

at home/ at
work/ go to bed/ church/school/college/university/jail

travel by
bus/car/plane/train

at noon, at
night

on
Sunday/Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday/Friday/Saturday

 

Quiz: Fill in the blanks with a,
an, the or no
article.

1.    
She
is a vegetarian. So she doesn’t eat _________chicken or fish.

2.    
A:
Can I use your phone to send _______email? B: Sure, but do it quickly. _______
battery is low.

3.    
I
heard there was __________ burglary in our neighborhood last night.
_______police think that __________local criminal gang may have been involved
in ______crime.

4.    
Mr.
DiLorenzo is _________ experienced language teacher. He has taught ___________
Spanish to hundreds of ____________ undergraduate students by the also enjoys
teaching  ________ children

5.    
A:
Who’s that woman over there talking to __________ Lydia?

B: You mean ___________ one in
the blue dress? That’s __________CEO of our company!

6.    
A:
Do you have_______ ink eraser? I need to remove some pen markings.

B: No, sorry. But I
have__________ whitener if you want it.

7.    
_______money
is important but it can’t buy ____________ happiness. Other things like ______
family, ______ lasting friendships and __________ satisfying job are far more
important in ________ life.

 

Rule #1: i) Use a before consonant
sound

ii) Use an before vowel sounds

Rule #2: Use a or an only with countable nouns.

Rule #3: Use a or an to talk about a person or thing
unknown to your listener.

ii) Use the to talk about a person or thing known to your listener or you are
reffering it to 2nd time or more.

Rule #4: Use a or an to talk abou nonspecific things or
people.

Rule #5: Use a or an to mention the category or type of a
person or thing.

Rule #6: i) Generalize with plurals or uncountable nouns with no article.

a/an or the with a singular
countable noun to mean every single one.

Rule #7: Use no article
in these situations:

i)                  
Proper nouns – names of people, places

ii)                
Names of games, languages.

iii)              
Fixed expressions

 

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