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Robert Daniel Steiger January 11,2017EnglishMr. Lehman  Nazi Children vs Jewish Children During World War II The lives of Nazi and Jewish children were vastly different during World War II. As a result of all these differences Jewish and Nazi children experienced vastly different childhoods. Nazi children grew up with choices and privileges that today in our society is a basic right and not thought of as a luxury. Jewish children suffered terribly and had no luxury or rights. Jewish children had the complete opposite of what the Nazi children had. “When World War II ended in 1945, Six Million European Jews were dead, killed in the Holocaust. More than One Million of the victims were children”. (The Holocaust Museum) A couple thousand Jewish children survived this terrible event in history because they were in hiding.  Growing up in hiding is very tough for a child to have to go through. These Jewish children were faced with a constant fear, situations and a daily threat from the Nazis and the SS (Schutzstaffel).  They experienced a much different childhood than Nazi children.Guardians and relatives risked scary dilemmas once the decision was finalized families usually went into seclusion. Some children were able to disguise themselves as non-Jews. Being able to pass as a non-Jewish child allowed them to live freely. Those who could not pass as a non-Jew had to live in hiding, most likely in crawl spaces or secret rooms. Children acting as non-Jews had to carefully hide their identity as a Jew from nosy neighbors, classmates, friends, and most of all the authorities. “I could not cry, talk, make any noise at all”. (Hall 1)  Even a small mistake in language or actions could put a child, and their family members or guardian in a huge amount of danger and possibly even death. (“Children in Nazi Germany”)The brutality of Nazi domination as well as the inhumanity of war forced some children to grow up a lot faster than they should have. “One child survivor described them as, Old people with children’s faces, without a trace of joy, happiness, or childish innocence”. (The Holocaust Museum). In order to get used to their bizarre circumstances, Jewish children during their time in hiding they made makeshift games, activities and puzzles as well they took advantage of the very slim educational opportunities available for them at the time. (The Holocaust Museum).The daily experiences of secluded children varied. Some children could live more freely and possibly attend a school and interact with other children their age. The children who lived in hiding weren’t allowed to explore or go outside. Their life in hiding was often filled with lots of struggles, abuse, boredom, and some kids went mentally insane or suffered from severe health problems. Reading, playing, and using their imagination could help to fill endless hours and temporarily diverted the children’s attention from their desperate situation. (The Holocaust Museum)In order to keep their Jewish identity a secret the children had to keep their real religious beliefs behind and hidden from their closest friends. Children quickly learned to adapt the prayers and customs of their so-called “Secondary” religion. Countless Jewish children were forcefully as well as unknowingly baptized into Christianity. Most of the time without the permission of the child’s parents before the baptism. (“Children in Nazi Germany”) Playing and using your imagination was a crucial part of a child’s development. While in the ghettos and concentration camps, Jewish children scavenged for anything that could be used as a game. For children in hiding, they often had only a few personal belongings with them. Toys were very special to the kids during the war. The toys could help form a special connection between the children and their time during the war. Toys and games helped to make up somewhat of a normal childhood for these children living in unnatural situations. (“Children in Nazi Germany”)The childhood of Nazi children was completely different than the Jewish children’s childhood experience. Hitler placed huge amounts of time towards the emphasis on children. Unlike other powerful dictators, Hitler didn’t neglect budding adults or undermine their importance to Nazi Germany. Hitler’s idea of a surviving the Third Reich was established not only on the devotion and conformity of adults and especially their children. “Hitler wanted the National Socialist movement to suit to all levels of society, including the young and old”. (“Children in Nazi Germany”)Hitler stated, “My program for educating youth is hard … weakness must be hammered away. In my castles of the Teutonic Order, a new youth will grow up, before which the world will tremble. I want a brutal, domineering, fearless and cruel youth. Youth must be all that it must bear the pain. There must be nothing weak and gentle about it. The free, splendid beast of prey must once again flash from its eyes…That is how I will eradicate thousands of years of human domestication…That is how I will create the New Order.” (The Hitler Youth, Gristle for the Reich’s Mill) This quote means that Hitler did not want these children to have a normal everyday childhood. He wanted them to become his little soldiers, as well as filling these children’s minds with racial and impenetrable thoughts.German education was used to prepare boys for the military and also to show their loyalty to Hitler. This type of education was created for boys and it is called the Hitler youth. The boys in Hitler youth engaged in many physical activities such as hiking, sports, games, knot – tying and more.  Quite often these activities occurred on the weekends and holidays, which kept them away from their family.(“Children in Nazi Germany”)  Newcomers were required to take an oath of loyalty to Hitler.(“Children in Nazi Germany”) As part of the indoctrination process, German children learned songs and poems praising Hitler and his ideology.  A bastardized version of the Lord’s Prayer is an example of what Hitler Youth was taught.  This prayer represented Hitler’s god-like image to the Nazi youth and to the people of Nazi Germany. (“Children in Nazi Germany”) “Adolf Hitler, you are our great Fuhrer.Thy name makes the enemy tremble.Thy will alone is the law upon the earth.Let us hear daily thy voice; order us by thy leadership.For we will obey to the end and even with our lives.We praise thee! Hail Hitler!”Fuhrer, my Fuhrer, give me by God.Protect and preserve my life for long.You saved Germany in time of need.I thank you for my daily bread.Be with me for a long time, do not leave me, Fuhrer.My Fuhrer, my faith, my light, Hail to my Fuhrer!”(“Children in Nazi Germany”) Life for a Nazi female was vastly different than what a boy would go through. While the Hitler Youth prepared the boys for military services, there were many girls’ groups such as the (BDM) which stands for the Bund Deutscher Madel. This particular organization prepared their members for lives as wives, mothers, and homemakers. There was a huge emphasis on the importance of German mothers, both as racial ancestors and the caretakers of the Aryan children. Girls in the BDM did many activities such as sports and calisthenics, These activities intended to enhance the girl’s health as well as strength and beauty. There were also classes on grooming, hair and makeup, needlepoint, German traditions, culture, cooking – and Nazi ideas and beliefs. (“Children in Nazi Germany”)The lives of Nazi and Jewish children were vastly different during World War II and there are reasons why. First, Nazi children got to go to a “camp” while Jewish kids went to death “camps”. Jewish kids were in hiding while nazi children got to go to school. Nazi kids focused on youth activities every day while Jewish kids lived in fear of dying every day. Jewish children couldn’t play with friends while Nazi children could have normal childhoods. As a result of all these differences Jewish and Nazi children experienced vastly different childhoods.Works Cited”Children in Nazi Germany.” Nazi Germany. 10 June 2012. Web. 13 May 2015.  “Children of the Holocaust.” Children of the Holocaust. Web. 13 May 2015.”Holocaust | Children and the Holocaust.” Holocaust | Children and the Holocaust. Web. 13 May 2015.  Hall, Allan. “The Little Ones That Got Away: Incredible Stories of Jewish Children Who Survived the Nazi Holocaust .” Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 14 May 2013. Web. 26 May 2015.   “Nazi Party.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 3 June 2015.  “The Holocaust Museum” Web. 13 May 2015.   Williams, D. (2014). The Hitler Youth, Gristle for the Reich’s Mill. Lulu.com.

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