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Review of
Literature   

Bangladesh has a long
and eventful tradition of village courts system. The structure and functions of
village courts have been evolved in consonance with socio-economic and
political transformation of the country. The government of Bangladesh evolved
various laws, ordinances, and rules relating to the village courts system of
the country. Here we have tried to add here some important and relevant
literatures of Village courts systems of Bangladesh

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Jahan, F (2005, p.9)
expressed that, there are four different structures of justice available to the
South Asian women, who become the victims of domestic violence. These are: I )
formal legal courts that follow the English Common Lav., system, ii)
traditional village based dispute resolution conference without any state
control, iii) modified NGO sponsored dispute resolution conference with
indirect state control and iv) Lok Adalat, a government sponsored informal
conference. Jahan (2005), expressed that a different set of three (formal
courts, Lok Adolat and NGO- sponsored mediations) are committed to equal
rights.

Arafunnesa (1992, p.
27) has studied that the average expense of a case in the court of a thana
magistrate was estimated to be a minimum of taka 16,511/- while the maximum was
taka 1, 76,000/-. The similar view was also expressed by Quader (1995, p-267).
The village Panchayet settled disputes that did not come under the jurisdiction
of professional and trade groups or castes.

The term “Panchayet”
implies an assembly of five or more persons. The Panchayet system in Dhaka has
been in existence, particularly among its Muslim population, since the
beginning of the Mughal period, and has continued until the advent of the 20th
century. In
1972, the name of the union council -was changed to Union Panchqyet, which was
again changed to- Union Parishad in 1973. The system provided for a Chairman
and nine members- three from each ward, all of who were to be elected.
Accordingly, the first union parishad election was held in 1973. The Local
Government Ordinance of 1976 and a subsequent amendment provided for
representation of two women and two peasant members to be nominated by the
Sub-Divisional Officer (SDO). The Local Government (Union Parishad) Ordinance
of 1983 and the Local Government (Union Parishad) Act of 1993 (as amended)
brought about more changes with regard to both composition and functions. Major
changes also occurred in other tiers of the local government via a number of
acts and ordinances. (Banglapedia,2010)

The present village
Courts of Bangladesh have been established by the village Court Ordinance,
1976, which was published in the Bangladesh gazette, Extra, ordinary dated 20-10-
76. The Ordinance has come into force from the first day of November 1976. This
ordinance has repealed by the Village court Act, 2006, (amended in 2013). Now
in Bangladesh it is into force regarding village courts.

 

 

 

 

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