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Product 1: Position PaperIntroductionIt is found from the research that the making world a better place is one of the long standing question that each generation is subject to face in an objective manner upon reaching the position where actions can be taken. While the globalization has flourished opportunities and provided with the seamless interconnectivity along with wide spread of the global organizations, the concerns for environment have steadily increased (Bowen, 2015). Therefore, it becomes imperative that the cause that should be undertaken by this generation is the improving the global environment. PositionThe primary argument lies in the assertion that the combination of the carbon emission, improper waste management, lack of consideration to the increasing water temperature and overt reliance on the renewable energy. However, the governmental measures to protect the environment and reduce the carbon is limited to placing a carbon tax on the volume of carbon emitted by the organizations (Hawkins, 2016). However, the existing carbon tax does not impose responsibility of carbon free conduct on the national citizens due to which the government employees, private employees, freelancers and unemployed individuals are increasingly contributing to the global warming by emitting carbon through various sources.Existing policyThe carbon tax policy in Canada is applicable on the Greenhouse Gas emission for the purpose of reducing it and making the environment free from pollution. However the pollution pricing system to be implemented in 2018 with the pricing of $10 per tons (Horowitz et al., 2017). This indicates that the businesses which are known to emit carbon in large quantities are targeted. This leaves major gap within the carbon tax policy of Canada since as much as 80 tons of Carbon is emitted in the construction of the merely three bedroom apartment. The research has further identified that similarly to construction, lack of maintenance of the residential building can cause more emission which makes refurbishment and building new infrastructure more suitable(McAusland and Najjar, 2015). Yet the emission of 80 tons is equivalent to 24 economic flights from London to Hong Kong which is considerably damaging to the environment.However, by targeting the businesses, only the construction companies will be liable for the Carbon Tax whereas the old residential buildings and new constructions undertaken by the owners privately require regulation. Options for improvement in Carbon TaxIt is found that in order to make the carbon tax more effective, the inefficiencies are required to be taken into account. Therefore, it is essential that the Carbon Tax is extended from the mere organizations to the broader national citizens of Canada on the basis of carbon emission reporting (Román et al., 2017). This will make it imperative for each citizen of the nation to engage in annual carbon emission reporting similarly to the taxation reporting by identifying the carbon emitting purchases and constructions undertaken by the residents along with determining the age of their properties for the carbon tax experts to calculate the tax payments. The tax payment of $10 per tons is required to be maintained for both businesses and individuals (Bowen, 2015). The households with even one car or other light motor vehicle is required to report their vehicles for the purpose of carbon emission calculation and subsequent tax demands (Horowitz et al., 2017). This will allow Canada to not only comprehensively determine the emission of carbon by the nation but also enable the government to improve the economy by collecting tax and discouraging the carbon emitting behavior among the citizens.Evaluation of options/RecommendationsThe evaluation of the earlier presented options have indicated that as much as the government of Canada requires to impose carbon tax on businesses regardless of their industry(McAusland and Najjar, 2015). Apart from the businesses, it is found from research that the each individual emits a considerable tons of Carbon in one financial year which makes it a viable financial as well as environmental conservative opportunity to tax the citizens on the amount of carbon emitted by their actions and assets (Hawkins, 2016). A personal information identifiable ability in purchases of smoking products and fire creating items will be even more effective as the government will be able to track individuals that are responsible for emission of more carbon than others to tax them in a fair and transparent manner.ConclusionThe situation of the global warming is accelerating at a rapid pace with the globalization due to the wide spread of the businesses and resources which further entails social settlement around the workplaces and encourages carbon emitting behavior and actions (Román et al., 2017). Therefore, introduction of the carbon tax on the businesses and individuals will be effective in controlling the situation of increasing pollution in environment. 

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