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Nuclear-fusion technology is an up and coming form of power generation and is in its researching and developing stages. Fusion energy is formed by bringing the isotopes’ (tritium and deuterium) nuclei close enough to activate the nuclear forces and fuse the nuclei together (16).  There are three approaches being researched for fusion energy; Magnetic Confinement Fusion, Inertial Confinement Fusion, and Magnetized Target Fusion. The approach towards making fusion energy’s future success will be able to solve the largest worldwide crisis that humanity has to face, global warming.  According to the U.S Environmental Protection Agency and the Union of Concerned Scientists, the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide has increased more than 25% during the last 150 years (4). At this rate planet earth will be facing further irreversible damages if nothing is done to stop or reduce global warming. Fusion is sustainable since the basic ingredients needed to extract the fuel are taken from seawater (70 percent of the earth’s surface) (2). The process of nuclear fusion produces only energy and the byproduct helium. Due to high temperatures and density, the electrons are ripped from the nuclei of the atoms and form ionized gas also known as plasma (16). Magnetic Confinement Fusion are one of the methods of approaching nuclear fusion technology. The devices using this method are designed to utilize the electric and magnetic field to squeeze and heat the hydrogen plasma which will produce nuclear fusion energy. To create a magnetic field within the Tokamak, the torus shaped device vacuum chamber is surrounded by magnetic coils, and in its center are a second set of coils. The magnetic field actively holds the plasma away from the walls of the Tokamak’s outer frame. The goal of researchers are to heat up neutral hydrogen atoms with a temperature of 150 million degrees celsius (10 times hotter than the Sun’s core) to begin the process of nuclear fusion. The Alcator C-Mod Tokamak being operated at MIT, has broken the record of fusion on September 30 of 2016 with the Alcator C-Mod reaching 35 million degrees Celsius, (twice as hot as the Sun’s core) (6). The process to run, took 1.4 million amps of electrical current and 4 million watts of power for the heating. The volume was relative to 1 cubic meter and lasted for 2 whole seconds (6). Dr David Kingham, the CEO of Tokamak Energy in the UK, stated on how their Tokamak device had set the record of fusion energy during the early months of 2016 and shortly after was broken by MIT’s Tokamak’s device located in America (13). This is proof that there is progress in fusion technology and is likely for fusion energy to begin supplying electricity by 2025 (13). He later emphasises that sooner or later something must be done to reduce climate change, in this case fusion technology will be the new clean and green electricity (13). By the year of 2050, it is probable for fusion energy to be a major source of electricity production (13). Nuclear Fusion energy is still unproven technology and is in its developing stages of being researched and tested. There is potential for achieving this technology, however it is still only a possibility and it may be out of reach of the mankind’s capabilities to create a device that will produce 10 times as more heat than the Sun’s core. Nuclear Fusion technology is costly, and may not be commercially viable in the future. It may work however it may be unaffordable and will not be able to replace the nonrenewable energy sources used today. However, with the development of nuclear-fusion technology, it is possible in the near future to have a clean and unlimited supply of energy that will replace the nonrenewable sources used today and will be the step towards solving the matter of global warming.

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