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Introduction:

     The
postmodernism theory in urban planning presence
as a result of combining the modern age of planning with industrialization
market-oriented capitalist economies, new social classes, democracy, and enlightens
values- reason and progress. (Elaati, 2016, p.2)

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     From the last three decades of the 20th
century, the postmodernism in urban
planning theory had appeared (Irving, 1993).
From that time, postmodernism has
included planning theories that pointed to produce variety and raises the elasticity, alternation, and suspicion (Hatuka
and D’Hooghe, 2007). The main objectives of the postmodernism
planning are to consider the plurality accepted at the realization of the
social variation orderly to consent get to light the minority demands
(Goodchild, 1990).

     The new urbanization creates modern
directions of thinking toward the urban development and urban form among the postmodernism theories. The new urbanism theory
debates to develop conventional (classic) architecture and originate a potent,
solid identities (personality) for the urban. In brief, while the modernism has
deeply influenced the city form, new urbanism offers a modern, ideal, and
simple for the perfect society (Grant, 2006). The urbanism utilizes the sustainability
ideas and the ecological meaning (terminology) seeking to improve regional
theory structures (Duany and Talen, 2002). The new urbanism concept is “connect
natural environment with human-made
environment in order to sustain environment”, also the new urbanisms use a
system of zoning significant elements in city designs which is used to
coordinate domain of comprehensive changes in village to city and organize
their advantages from village to cities (Rahama Etal, 2012, p.197). Depending
on the new urbanism movement and the result of the technological development,
also intervening the globalization to our daily life, the outcome is appearing
the tendency of a smart city.

     Farley (2015) explained that urbanism
norms are possible to stratify and increase the projects at both individual
building scales to the whole urban and social.
These principles are/

1-                 
Walkability.

2-                 
Connectivity.

3-                 
Conductivity.

4-                 
Mixed-use and variety.

5-                 
Housing mix.

6-                 
Traditional composition and fabric of the neighbourhood.

7-                 
Sustainability and sustainable development.

8-                 
Claiming a well living and good quality of life.

9-                 
Less effect on
Eco-system transportation.

10-             
Rising the build up and buildings concentration and
density.

11-             
Both urban design and architectural fineness.

 

 

      Less than 5% of the world
population in the eighteenth century lived in the cities. According to (UNPD, 2007),
extra than half of the world’s global population are living in the cities. It
is expected that by the end of the 21st century, more than eighty percent
of the world’s population will live in the cities and these urbanization and
civilization are the results of machinery and technicality improvement that led
to decrease the human’s efforts and work manually such as in agriculture and choose preferable life in emigrating to the cities.

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