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Charles Dickens was a legendary writer of the 19th century. He was deeply affected by poverty when his father was imprisoned when he couldn’t pay his debts, which greatly influenced some of his greatest works. He started writing novels at a young age. In 1843 he published one of his most famous works A Christmas Carol. This story tells the tale of Ebenezer Scrooge, a miser who thinks Christmas, a humbug, who changes his ways over the visits of 3 spirits. Past, Present, and Future. The Ghost of Christmas Past showed Scrooge things that happened to him in Christmas’ Past.  One of the many experiences that Scrooge had with Past was where Past shows Scrooge his younger self at school. His younger self is described as “Poor boy. He lived inside hishead . . . alone . . .”(Scene 5, Act 1) by Scrooge himself. This then causes Scrooge to want to talk to the boy he saw at his window.  “There was a boy singing a Christmas Carol outside my door last night. I should like to have given him something: that’s all.” This represents that Scrooge realizes that after looking at himself as a boy he realizes that being a child can be harder than it seems. A later vision that Past showed Scrooge was his little sister Fan during the encounter with the Schoolmaster. “Schoolmaster. What’s this? Fan. Pardon, sir, but I believe that you’ve forgotten to say your goodbye to my brother, Ebenezer, who stands still now awaiting it . . . She smiles, curtsies, lowers her eyes. pardon, sir.”(Scene 5, Act 1) This exchange between the two reminds Scrooge of how much he loved her. “Oh, my dear, dear little sister, Fan . . . how I loved her.”(Scene 5, Act 1) This is Scrooge saying to Past how much he really loved her. Then when Past showed Scrooge his old master Scrooges reaction was “Why, it’s old Fezziwig! Bless his heart; it’s Fezziwig, alive again!” (Scene 5, Act 1)This shows that Scrooge respects, and still respects, Fezziwig.”He is the best, best, the very and absolute best! If ever I own a firm of my own, I shall treat my apprentices with the same dignity and the same grace.”(Scene 5, Act 1) This also shows that Scrooge was going to treat his apprentices as best as possible. “No, no. l should like to be able to say a word or two to my clerk just now! That’s all!”(Scene 5, Act 1) This means that Scrooge is now regretting not treating Cratchit how he should have. Then in a later Christmas Scrooge’s girlfriend breaks up with him. But, not before saying “Please. You may—the memory of what is past half makes me hope you will—have pain in this. A very, very brief time, and you will dismiss the memory of it, as an unprofitable dream, from which it happened well that you awoke. May you be happy in the life that you have chosen for yourself . . .”(Scene 5, Act 1) She is addressing the changes in Scrooge’s younger self and how he now only wants for himself. Scrooge then says to the woman after she leaves “To exited woman Fool. Mindless loon. Fool . . .” (Scene 5, Act 1)He says this as if she made a mistake leaving him. The Ghost of Christmas Present showed Scrooge many different things in different places. One of said places, is the Cratchit home. In the Cratchit home, they are having Christmas dinner with each other. Scrooge then takes a particular interest in one of Cratchits many children, Tiny Tim, who sadly has a disease. Scrooge asks the spirit “Scrooge. Spirit, tell me if Tiny Tim will live.Present. I see a vacant seat . . . in the poor chimney corner, and a crutch without an owner, carefully preserved. If these shadows remain unaltered by the future, the child will die.”(Scene 3 Act 2)  This means that if Scrooge does nothing different than what he normally does, Tiny Tim will perish. Scrooge then responds with “No, no, kind Spirit! Say he will be spared!” (Scene 3 Act 2) Him saying this means that he obviously would rather Tiny Tim to not die. Bob Cratchit, who works for Scrooge, starts to toast him. ” Mr. Scrooge . . . His glass raised in a toast I’ll give you Mr. Scrooge, the Founder of the Feast!” Even though Scrooge doesn’t do anything to help Bob and his family except give him a job and pay him a short supply of money, Bob still toasts to Scrooge and his health. Then Present takes Scrooge and takes him to his Nephew Fred and his wife. He brought Scrooge there so he could see how other people think of him and his opinions on Christmas. “It strikes me as sooooo funny, to think of what he said . . . that Christmas was a humbug, as I live! He believed it!” (Scene 4 Act 2) Basically, Fred is saying that he thinks it’s funny how Scrooge thinks that Christmas is a humbug.  ” I mean to give him the same chance every year, whether he likes it or not, for I pity him.” (Scene 4 Act 2) In this statement, Fred is saying how he will always be giving the Scrooge the chance to come dine with him and his family because he pities him. He pities him for the fact that he will always be alone for years to come. Then, after Scrooge and Present leave Fred’s home, Present stops Scrooge and shows him Man’s Children. “Hear those chimes? In a quarter hour, my life will have been spent! Look, Scrooge, man. Look you here. Two gnarled baby dolls are taken from Present’s skirts.” (Scene 4 Act 2) This is basically Present showing Scrooge Man’s Children. “Present. They are Man’s children, and they cling to me, appealing from their fathers. The boy is Ignorance; the girl is Want. Beware them both, and all of their degree, but most of all beware this boy, for I see that written on his brow which is doom, unless the writing be erased.” (Scene 4 Act 2)  This is basically a warning from Present to Scrooge saying to beware, specifically, Ignorance. Because if he doesn’t change and stop being ignorant, he will face doom in the future. The last Ghost that Scrooge faced was the Ghost of Christmas Future. Future would show things that would happen in many Christmases to come. One of those things was when a couple people looted Scrooge’s home and sold his things. “Who’s the worse for the loss of a few things like these? Not a dead man, I suppose?” (Scene 4 Act 2) This statement was spoken by one of the people who took Scrooge’s things. It basically means that it won’t harm anyone to take his things. “They’d have wasted it, if ithadn’t been for me.” (Scene 4 Act 2) The same person is saying how she had done a good thing by taking that specific item, because if she didn’t it would have been wasted by him wearing it during the funeral. “Scrooge. OOoooOOoooOOOoooOOOoooOOoooOOoooOOOooo! He screams at them. Obscene demons! Why not market the corpse itself, as sell its trimming??? Suddenly Oh, Spirit, I see it, I see it! This unhappy man—this stripped-bare corpse . . . could very well be my own. My life holds parallel! My life ends that way now!” (Scene 4 Act 2) Scrooge gets extremely mad at these people for selling that persons things. He then tells the spirit that he realizes that the body that is shown could be his own. And that if nothing changes this will be his future. Then all of a sudden he is the Cratchit home after Tiny Tim has passed. “You made the arrangements today, then, Robert, for the . . . service . . . to be on Sunday.”  (Scene 4 Act 2) This is obviously Mrs. Cratchit asking Bob if he made arrangements for the funeral on Sunday. “And when we recollect how patient and mild he was, we shall not quarrel easily among ourselves, and forget poor Tiny Tim in doing it.” (Scene 4 Act 2) Bob is explaining that they should not fight easily and forget Tiny Tim because of all the fighting. Then as the final thing that Future shows Scrooge was his grave. “Future points to the gravestone. Marley appears in light well U. He points to grave as well. Gravestone turns front and grows to ten feet high. Words upon it: Ebenezer Scrooge: Much smoke billows now from the grave. Choral music here. Scrooge stands looking up at gravestone. Future does not at all reply in mortals’ words, but points once more to the gravestone. The stone undulates and glows. Music plays, beckoning Scrooge. Scrooge reeling in terror Oh, no. Spirit! Oh, no, no!” (Scene 4 Act 2) This is when Future and Marley (Scrooge’s old business partner) point at the gravestone which reads Scrooge’s name implying that his death isn’t that far away. Scrooge then starts begging Future to spare him and let him change his fate. “Spirit! Hear me! I am not the man I was. I will not be the man I would have been but for this intercourse. Why show me this, if I am past all hope?” ,”Assure me that I yet may change these shadows that you have shown me by an altered life!”  (Scene 4 Act 2) Scrooge is begging to get Future to give him another chance, which Future grants, by trying to convince him that he has changed. Scrooge has gone on a journey for the better. He saw visions of Christmas’ Past, Present, and Future. These events have changed him for the better since, he learned how ignorant he was to other people’s feelings. This is shown when he wakes up and the events that pass. “two misers turned; one, alas, in Death, too late; but the other miser turned in Time’s penultimate nick.” (Scene 5 Act 2) This is Marely expressing how Scrooge changed his ways in time and how he is a much better person. “Oh, I didn’t tell you? Yes, I’ve written the precise address down just here on this . . . Hands paper to him Bob Cratchit’s house. Now he’s not to know who sends him this. Do you understand me? Not a word . . . Handing out money and chuckling”(Scene 5 Act 2} This is Scrooge buying the biggest turkey he could find and giving it to the Cratchits anonymously. He then tips the butcher and the boy who got the butcher to come. And such Scrooge has changed over the many events that passed that night for the better.

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